Panforte, an Italian Christmas Treat


Panforte is as traditional Italian as it can get.

Legend has it, and some historical accounts may prove this too, that crusaders themselves used to carry, on the way to their quest, slabs of what was described as a durable confection made with honey and sugar syrup, spices, nuts and dried fruits: Panforte, that is.

It’s name means “Strong bread” , which refers to the generous amounts of spices such as clove and cinnamon as well as black pepper.

It is one of the most popular and loved Italian confections, that seems to be mostly consumed around Christmas, especially in Tuscany, its geographical home-land.

The recipe for Panforte is one of those controversial ones. The reason being that the Tuscan confectioners from Siena would rather set they hair on fire than share their century-old knowledge.

So, for avid home-bakers like myself the choice is to experiment in the kitchen until I get a good approximation of what they proudly produce in the Tuscan hills.

Experimenting may at times involve burnt caramel and a non-rescuable frying pan, but other than this minor set back, I think I may have come up with something worthy.

And guess what? Since I’m not Tuscan but Lombard/Abruzzese, I will happily share this with you….


  • 50g (1/3 cup)  whole blanched almonds
  • 50g (1/3 cup)roasted hazelnuts
  • 3 table spoons coarsely chopped dessert figs
  • 2 tablespoons coarsely chopped dried apricots
  • 2 tablespoons mixed peel
  • 55 g (1/2 cup) plain flour
  • 2 tbs cocoa powder
  • 2 tsp ground cinnamon, 1 tsp ground cloves, 1/4 teaspoon of freshly found black pepper
  • 40 g chopped dark chocolate (70%, preferably)
  • 85 (1/4 cup) ml  honey
  • 3 tablespoons  sugar


  1. Preheat oven to 170°C/ 340 Farenheit.

2. In the meantime, make a syrup by dissolving the sugar with the honey and the dark chocolate in a saucepan over medium heat. Bring to the boil, then reduce and keep simmering, without stirring for around 2 minutes. Do not leave the stove at this stage or you will end up with burnt caramel….don’t ask me how I know…

3. Place almonds, hazelnuts and dried fruit in a large bowl.  Sift over the cocoa, the flour, the ground pepper and spices and stir to combine. Add the chocolate and honey syrup and mix well. At first to will look dry, have faith and keep combining until you obtain a dark, gooey paste. If it struggles to come together , add 1 tablespoon of honey.

4. Line an oven dish with non-stick baking paper, pour in your panforte mix and smooth and flatten the surface with the back of a spoon or by pressing baking paper over it.

5. Bake for around 20 minutes or until just set. As it cools down it will firm up more.

Cut into squares, dust with icing sugar, if liked,  and accompany with coffee or grappa. Or both!




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13 Comments Add yours

  1. oh I love Panforte, I found a nice recipe the other day, I was going to make it for a Christmas Party but I will make yours instead! Bravo ma belle Silvia!

    1. HI Isabelle! Please, let me know how you go!

      1. silviascucina says:
  2. Mel Mac says:

    Hi Silvia,
    Can you tell me what dessert figs are? Are they dried figs or fresh figs?

    Also, I intend to make this or the white christmas to take as a gift on the weekend when I go to my Italian friends house for lunch. Which would make a better gift? Is both too much, too similar?


    1. HI Mel,
      Dessert figs are semi-dried. They are soft and juicy and are very popular in mediterranean confectionery.
      I’m afraid my reply has arrived too late, so you have probably already been to your friend’s house…Did you make White Xmas or Panforte?
      I love them both!
      Today I made more White Xmas…

      1. Mel says:

        Actually it’s this Sunday. I think I will make the white Xmas. It’s bright so the kids will like it I hope!

      2. I’m sure they will. My 4 year-old loves it!

  3. Angela says:

    Hello Silvia,

    I tried this recipe!! Can I send you a photo? Grazie x

    1. Oh yes, please! Send it to, I look forward to seeing your Panforte!

  4. Virginia says:

    The ingredients list includes 1/2 cup plain flour but I can’t see in the instructions or method where/when that flour is to be put in to the mix. It is not mentioned that I can see?

    1. Hi Virginia, thanks for pointing it out! I’ve just amended it. You add the flour with the cocoa and the spices.
      I hope it works out for you. I made a new batch today and the house smells so nice!

  5. Thea says:

    Hi Silvia – love your site + recipes. How long does your paneforte usually last? when would you make it to give as presents on Sunday for Xmas? Many thanks – Thea

    1. HI Thea! Thanks for your support. Panforte will last for a few weeks if kept in a airtight container. I have made some last week to give away as a gift tomorrow!I hope this helps, Merry Xmas!

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